Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. Honestly, I'm rooting for DK. In late January 1943, she participated in "Operation Ke" as part of a diversionary and distant covering force to support I.J.N. One of the first Japanese battleship to be sunk by U.S. forces during World War II has been discovered in the Solomon Islands by a research organization set up by the late billionaire Paul Allen. Haruna was the fourth and last of the Imperial Japanese Navy's Kongō-class battlecruisers, a line of capital ships designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston. KONGO BATTLECRUISER 1912-1944, wreck, wreck database. Beginning in 1929, the Imperial Japanese Navy rebuilt her as a battleship, strengthening her armor and improving her speed and power capabilities. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. IJN Kongo 1936. Her stern was lengthened by 26 feet (7.9 m) to improve her fineness ratio and her 16 older boilers were removed and then replaced with 11 oil-fired Kampon Boilers and newer geared turbines. [13] To increase her speed and power, all 36 of her Yarrow boilers were removed, and then replaced with 16 newer boilers, and Brown-Curtis direct-drive turbines were installed. O-Buoy Wreck sunk January 30, 1944 in Southern Atoll at Kwajalien Atoll . [7], With the conclusion of World War I, and the signing of the Washington Naval Treaty on 6 February 1922, the size of the I.J.N. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. warship. On 1 December 1931, two months after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Kongō was assigned to the First Battleship Division and also designated the flagship of the Combined Fleet. The ship has been discovered upside down on the seabed northwest of Savo Island. By October 1944, Kongō's secondary armament was reconfigured to eight 6-inch (15 cm) guns, eight 5-inch (13 cm) guns, and 122 Type 96 antiaircraft rapid-fire cannons. An extremely rare World War II Spitfire fighter plane flown by a pilot who later took part in the "Great Escape" was also recovered from a remote Norwegian mountainside last year. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. The Hiei was one of the first Japanese battleships sunk by U.S. forces in World War II. Amagi (天城) was an Unryū-class aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.Named after Mount Amagi, and completed late in the war, she never embarked her complement of aircraft and spent the war in Japanese waters. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. [8] In March 1931, Kongō—now capable of a speed of 29 knots (54 km/h)—was reclassified as a battleship. It's April Fools, you know! This battlegroup subsequently sortied from Indochina for three days in mid-December to protect a reinforcement convoy traveling to Malaya, and again on 18 December to cover the Japanese Army's landing at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, in the Philippines. [1] Capable of greater than 30 knots (56 km/h), despite the significant increase in her hull displacement, Kongō was now reclassified as a fast battleship. U S researchers have discovered the wreck of the Imperial Japanese Navy warship Hiei, the first Japanese battleship lost in the Second World War, off the Solomon Islands.. 6 and 8 boiler rooms, but the remaining boilers could provide adequate steam pressure, and despite the loss of fuel, enough remained to continue onward at fleet speed of 16 knots. Also last year, a decades-long mystery about the fate of a ship that disappeared during a World War II rescue mission was finally solved. [5] When she returned to Japan, 13 triple and 40 single 25-mm mounts were added to her anti-aircraft armament, for a total of over 100 mounts. [21] Refusing to accept the judgement of this organization, Japan withdrew from the League of Nations on the same day. (RV Petrel). Here's a little note Romn, I never liked you. On 27 February, Kongō was drydocked to receive upgrades to her antiaircraft armament, with the additions of two triple 25 mm gun mounts and the removal of two of her 6-inch turrets, while additional concrete protection was added near her steering gear. Commissioned August 16, 1913 into the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) as Kongō, named after Mount Kongō in Osaka Prefecture in Japan as the first super-dreadnought type battlecruiser. [30] On the night of 13 – 14 October, these two battleships shelled the area of Henderson Field from a distance of about 16,000 yards (15,000 m), firing 973 14-inch high-explosive shells. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers. The five were among seven Imperial Japanese Navy vessels that took part in the Battle of Surigao Strait from late Oct. 24 until before sunrise on Oct. 25, 1944. Having crippled the offensive capability of Britain's Eastern Fleet, the Third Battleship Division returned to Japan. Zombie: Then I'm rooting for Ralph. destroyers that were evacuating Army troops from Guadalcanal. The Kongo was part of the Kongo class battlecruisers (later reclassified as battleships. By 05:00, she had slowed to 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph) and was given permission to break off from the fleet and head to the port of Keelung in Formosa along with the destroyers Hamakaze and Isokaze as escort. Completed in 1920 as the lead ship of her class, she carried supplies for the survivors of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923. [7], Prohibited by the Washington Treaty from constructing new capital ships until 1931, Japan resorted to upgrading their World War I era battleships and battlecruisers. [28] On 14 July she was assigned as the flagship of the restructured Third Battleship Division. After a fierce defensive action by the American ships, which sank three Japanese heavy cruisers, Admiral Kurita elected to withdraw, ending the battle. [7], On 1 June 1935, Kongō was dry-docked at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in preparation for upgrades that would enable her to escort Japan's growing fleet of aircraft carriers. On 22 May 1943, the task force arrived in Yokosuka, where it was joined by an additional three fleet carriers and two light cruisers. [31] A large Japanese troop and supply convoy reached Guadalcanal on the next day. Salvage Tug Futagami Scuttled 1945 Ojima sunk * "Shallow Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? These guns could fire from eight to 14 rounds per minute, with a barrel lifetime of about 800 to 1,500 rounds. [9] In 1941, separate dyes were introduced for the armor-piercing shells of the four Kongō-class battleships to assist with targeting, with Kongō's armor-piercing shells using red dye. 1 Interlude 2 Donkey Kong 3 Wreck-it Ralph 4 Intermission 5 DEATH BATTLE! Kongō was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Sealion while transiting the Formosa Strait on 21 November 1944. Get a daily look at what’s developing in science and technology throughout the world. Imperial Japanese Navy ship Hiei, which sank on Nov. 14, 1942, was spotted on the seabed by experts from the research vessel RV Petrel. Kongō returned to the port of Yokosuka, Japan, on 12 September, and one month later, she was assigned to the First Battleship Division. To protect their transport convoy from enemy air attack, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto sent Haruna and Kongō, escorted by one light cruiser and nine destroyers, to bombard the American air base at Henderson Field. [7] Throughout 1938 and 1939, Kongō steamed off the Chinese coast in support of Japanese Army operations during the war. Fox News’ Nicole Darrah contributed to this article. In 1935, her superstructure was completely rebuilt, her speed was increased, and she was equipped with launch catapults for floatplanes. This force was disbanded when Attu fell to the U.S. Army before the necessary preparations for a counterattack had been finished. Now fast enough to accompany Japan's growing carrier fleet, Kongō was reclassified as a fast battleship. [2] The 6-inch/50 calibre gun was capable of firing both antiaircraft and antiship shells, though the positioning of these guns on Kongō made antiaircraft firing mostly impractical. [4], Kongō's armor was also extensively upgraded. Researchers across the globe are working to locate sites of World War II wrecks. This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:41. [7], Kongō and Haruna departed from the Hashirajima fleet anchorage on 29 November 1941 to begin the War in the Pacific as part of the Southern (Malay) Force's Main Body, under the overall command of Vice-Admiral Nobutake Kondō. [27] On 9 April, one of Haruna's reconnaissance seaplanes spotted the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes south of Trincomalee. The research organization established by Allen has discovered a host of historic military shipwrecks, such as the wrecks of the USS Helena, USS Lexington and the USS Juneau. [7] In January 1914, she docked at Kure Naval Base for armament checks. WRECK OF WWII SHIP DISCOVERED 74 YEARS AFTER IT DISAPPEARED DURING A RESCUE MISSION, A sonar image of the Hiei on the seabed. On 3 August 1914, the German Empire declared war on France and then invaded via Belgium, sparking the beginning of World War I in the West. Shortly after midnight on 21 November, the submarine USS Sealion made radar contact with the fleet at 44,000 yards (40,000 m). A propeller at the Hiei wreck. Haruna was a Kongo-class battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Military aircraft are automatically protected but vessels have to be specifically designated. [8] In addition, her bridge was completely reconstructed according to Japan's pagoda mast style of forward superstructure,[13] and catapults were added to support three Nakajima E8N or Kawanishi E7K reconnaissance and spotter floatplanes. On 3 October 1915, Kongō and Hiei participated in the sinking of the old Imperator Nikolai I as a practice target. Arriving at Lingga on 14 March 1944, the division remained for training until 11 May 1944. [12] Kongō was also armed with many 1-inch (2.5 cm) antiaircraft machine guns. [7] In April 1942, Kongō joined five fleet carriers in attacks on Colombo and Trincomalee on Ceylon. In 1942, she sailed as part of the Southern Force in preparation for the Battle of Singapore. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [9], The secondary battery of Kongō originally consisted of sixteen 6-inch (15 cm) 50 caliber guns in single casemates located amidships ("50 calibre" means that the lengths of the guns were 50 times their bore, or 300 inches),[8] eight 3-inch (7.6 cm) guns, and eight submerged 21-inch (53 cm) torpedo tubes. The wreck was confirmed on January 31 by the research ship R/V Petrel, part of Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen’s wide-ranging effort to locate the wrecks … (RV Petrel). These were designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston[6] and were ordered in 1910 in the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908. In October, Kongō and her new sister ship Hiei sortied off the Chinese coast in support of Japanese army units during the Siege of Tsingtao. Lo (CVE-63), and Kitkun Bay (CVE- 71) but scores no direct hits. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. You've successfully subscribed to this newsletter! The Main Body departed Cam Ranh Bay in French Indochina on 23 December bound for Taiwan, arriving two days later. Under Japan's contract with Vickers, the first vessel of the class was constructed in the United Kingdom, with the remainder built in Japan. The wreck of the Empire Wold, a Royal Navy tug, was discovered by coastguards off the coast of Iceland. Kongō Maru sinking at Lae. Romn: Mhm. Within fifteen minutes of detaching from the main force, Kongō was listing 45 degrees and flooding uncontrollably. "The Protection of Military Remains Act 1986 (1986 c. 35) is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom which provides protection for the wreckage of military aircraft and designated military vessels. Sailors worked quickly to shore up the damage and kept the main part of the Aber Read’s hull watertight. Legal Statement. When the German Empire did not respond, Japan declared war on Germany on 23 August, occupying the former German possessions in the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands, Marshall Islands, and Marianas Islands. [18], In April 1923, Kongō gave transportation to Emperor Hirohito during his official visit to the Japanese possession of Taiwan. The class was ordered in 1910 in the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908. [4] The Third Battleship Division departed from Kure on 8 March 1944. [13], In February 1937, Kongō was assigned to the Sasebo Naval District, and in December she was placed under the command of Takeo Kurita in the Third Battleship Division. Japanese surface gunfire (either battleship Haruna or Kongo) straddles escort carrier White Plains (CVE-66), St. On 15 November 1942, following the Japanese defeat and the sinking of Hiei and Kirishima during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the Third Battleship Division returned to Truk, where it remained for the rest of 1942. [20] In May 1928, her steering equipment was upgraded, before she was placed in reserve in preparation for major modifications and reconstruction in 1929–31. [4], In October 1944, Kongō departed from Lingga in preparation for "Operation Sho-1", Japan's counterattack during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval engagement in history. In August, Kongō was drydocked at Kure to receive surface-detection radar and additional range finders. Haruna was also present at the battle off Samar, along with Kongo. See more ideas about Imperial japanese navy, Battleship, Warship. [15] With the defeat of the German East Asia Squadron by the Royal Navy at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, there was little or no need for I.J.N. [17] By the time that the Washington Naval Treaty had been fully implemented in Japan, only three classes of World War I type capital ships remained active: the Ise-class battleships, the Kongō-class battlecruisers, and the Fusō-class battleships. [5] The escort destroyers Hamakaze and Isokaze rescued 237 survivors. Kongō spent the rest of World War I either based at Sasebo, or on patrol off the coast of China. The Act provides for two types of protection: protected places and controlled sites. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Each of her main guns could fire high explosive or armor-piercing shells 38,770 yards (19.14 nmi; 35.45 km) at a rate of about two shells per minute. [8] All parts used in her construction were manufactured in the U.K.[1] Kongō was completed on 16 April 1913. [7], On 27 May 1942, Kongō sortied with Hiei and the heavy cruisers Atago, Chōkai, Myōkō, and Haguro as part of Admiral Nobutake Kondō's invasion force during the Battle of Midway. The Japanese battleship Kongô, a ship with a magical name and an important history, was budgeted in 1910 and ordered from the British shipbuilder Vickers in January 1911.This was a significant act in an era of important shipbuilding. On October 25th, 1944, the 36,601 ton Japanese battleship KONGO was badly damaged by air attacks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. In April 1938, two float planes from Kongō bombed the Chinese town of Foochow during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. On 25 October, during the Battle off Samar, Kongō—as part of Admiral Kurita's Centre Force—engaged the US 7th Fleet's "Taffy 3", a battlegroup of escort carriers and destroyers. Designed and built in Britain in 1912-1913, Kongo was the last Japanese capital ship built abroad. Kongō fought in many major naval actions of the Pacific War during World War II. She was the only Japanese battleship sunk by submarine in the Second World War. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Battleship Kongô. 62 during maneuvers. [33] During the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Kongō escorted Japanese fast carriers, and remained undamaged in counterattacks from US carrier aircraft on 20 June. or redistributed. All rights reserved. ©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. Seventy-one lives were lost following the incident on Aug. 18, 1943, although the crew’s heroics kept the Abner Read afloat. Britain itself was in a great arms race with Germany. She was formally commissioned in 1913, and patrolled off the Chinese coast during World War I. Kongō underwent two major reconstructions. [1], Kongō's main battery consisted of eight 14-inch (36 cm) heavy-caliber main naval guns in four twin turrets (two forward and two aft). “HIEI was crippled by a shell from the USS San Francisco on the 13th which disabled the steering gear,” explained RV Petrel, in a Facebook post. [7] On 11 May 1944, Kongō and Admiral Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Lingga bound for Tawitawi, where they were joined by Vice-Admiral Takeo Kurita's "Force C". In the most successful Japanese battleship action of the war,[24] the bombardment heavily damaged both runways, destroyed almost all of the U.S. Marines' aviation fuel, destroyed or damaged 48 of the Marines' 90 warplanes, and killed 41 Marines. The plane’s wreck was found in 2018, 74 years after it was shot down during a fierce battle with Japanese forces. In 1933, aircraft catapults were fitted between the two rear turrets. One minute after the first salvo was launched, two of the torpedoes were seen to hit Kongō on the port side, while a third sank the destroyer Urakaze with all hands. She covered the Japanese Army's amphibious landings in British Malaya (part of present-day Malaysia) and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1942, before engaging American forces at the Battle of Midway and during the Guadalcanal Campaign. The Hiei was one of the first Japanese ships sunk by the U.S. during World War II. [14] She was docked at Singapore from 20 to 27 October, before arriving at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 5 November, where she was placed in First Reserve. [5][a], Kongō was the first of the Imperial Japanese Navy's Kongō-class battlecruisers, which were almost as large, costly and well-armed as battleships, but which traded off armored protection for higher speeds. From November 1940 to April 1941, additional armor was added to Kongō's armament barbettes and ammunition tubes, while ventilation and firefighting equipment was also improved. Following the Great Kantō earthquake of September 1923, the capital ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy assisted in rescue work until the end of the month. At 5:18 the ship lost all power and the order was given to abandon ship. [8], In January 1944, Kongō was dry-docked for a reconfiguration of her anti-aircraft suite. Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company. [7], On 17 October 1943, Kongō again left Truk as part of a larger task force consisting of five battleships, three fleet carriers, eight heavy cruisers, three light cruisers, and numerous destroyers. On 13 June, Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Tawitawi bound for the Mariana Islands. [11] Her main guns carried ammunition for 90 shots, and they had an approximate barrel lifetime of 250 to 280 shots. [23] The turret armor was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armor. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, Last summer a team of scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the University of Delaware located the missing stern of the destroyer USS Abner Read, which was torn off by a Japanese mine in the remote Aleutian Islands. PARTIAL HISTORY Sinking History On November 21, 1944 sunk by USS Sealion (SS-315) in the Formosa Strait (Taiwan Strait). [16] This Treaty also banned the signatories from building any new capital ships until 1931, with no capital ship permitted to exceed 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) in displacement. [32] From 15 February through 20 February 1943, the Third Battleship Division was transferred from Truk to the Kure Naval Base. [6] Her six-inch naval guns could fire five to six rounds per minute, with a barrel lifetime of about 500 rounds. [19] In November 1924, Kongo docked at Yokosuka, where modifications were made to her main armament, increasing the elevation of her main guns and improving her fire-control systems. Two nearby U.S. Navy ships towed the destroyer back to port. Kongō Maru (金剛丸) was an 8,624 gross ton passenger-cargo ship built by Harima Shipbuilding Company in Japan for Kokusai Kisen Kabushiki Kaisha in 1935. [6] The turrets were noted by the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence to be "similar to the British 15-inch turrets",[9] with improvements made in flash-tightness. "Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? The group’s biggest discovery, however, came in 2017, when Allen and his team found the long-lost wreck of the USS Indianapolis in the Philippine Sea. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. [34] On 24 October, Kongō was undamaged by several near misses from American carrier aircraft in the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea. In August, two more 6-inch guns were removed and another eighteen single mounts installed. Refrigeration Transport Irako sunk September 24, 1944 . No contact between the two forces was made, and the Japanese task force returned to Truk on 26 October 1943. Romn: Good one! The Fusō-class battleships (扶桑型戦艦, Fusō-gata senkan) were a pair of dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) before World War I and completed during it. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers, Major find: Sunken WWII Japanese battleship discovered. A research organization set up by late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen is responsible for the find. Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen died in October 2018 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. “For the next 24 hours it was attacked by multiple sorties of torpedo, dive and B-17 bombers. Legal Statement. The ship sank on Nov. 10, 1944, with the loss of her 16 crewmembers. The modifications to her hull increased her armor weight from 6,502 to 10,313 long tons, directly violating the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. to bombard Henderson Field again and to deliver more Army reinforcements to Guadalcanal. She soon left Truk for home waters, and on 16 December 1943, Kongō arrived at Sasebo for refits and training in the Inland Sea. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. The other two were the British Revenge-class battleship HMS Royal Oak and the Queen Elizabeth-class battleship HMS Barham. [36] Maneuvering into position at 02:45, Sealion fired six bow torpedoes at Kongō followed by three stern torpedoes at Nagato fifteen minutes later. [23] Kongō's ammunition magazine protection was also strengthened to 4.0 inches (10 cm). [13], On 16 August 1913, Kongō was completed and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy (I.J.N.). At 5:24, while the evacuation was under way, the forward 14-inch magazine exploded, and the broken ship sank quickly, with the loss of over 1,200 of her crew, including the commander of the Third Battleship Division and her captain. [7], On 21 February, Kongō was joined by Haruna, four fast aircraft carriers, five heavy cruisers and numerous support ships in preparation for "Operation J", Japan's invasion of the Dutch East Indies. Despite this seeming stroke of fortune, the KONGO profile had little data to add, saying only that KONGO had departed Brunei with HARUNA on 16 November, and after describing the torpedoing, that at 0530 there was a loud explosion aboard her and thereupon KONGO settled into the sea and sank. WWII WRECK USS HELENA DISCOVERED BY MICROSOFT CO-FOUNDER PAUL ALLEN'S CREW. The ship capsized in July 1945 after being hit multiple times during airstrikes by American carrier aircraft while moored at Kure Naval Base. Kongō is believed to have sunk in 350 feet (110 m) of water approximately 55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi) northwest of Keelung. Thread starter Lost Freeway; Start ... the IJN was so down on carriers they converted the two Ise's into Hybrids and then went the whole hog with the Shinano. The torpedo hit there had torn a large gash in the bow. She was a Russian pre-dreadnought that had been captured in 1905 during the Russo-Japanese War that had next served as an I.J.N. Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company. The remaining IJN fleet units, including BatDiv3, proceeded into the Sibuyan Sea, where USN carrier aircraft attacked the entire IJN fleet with over 250 aircraft, sinking the super battleship Musashi. Because of their high speeds, these two battleships could bombard the airfield and then withdraw before being subjected to air attack from either land-based warplanes or American aircraft carriers. She was formally commissionedin … In August 1941, she was assigned to the Third Battleship Division under the command of Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa alongside her fully modified sister warships Hiei, Kirishima and the Haruna. Beginning in September 1929, Kongō underwent extensive modernization and modification in drydock at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal. Zombie: It's not a joke. WRECKAGE OF WWII B-24 BOMBER DISCOVERED 74 YEARS AFTER IT WAS SHOT DOWN. DBWI-Wreck of the USS Alaska Found. Kongo was not hit, but again, Haruna was damaged by near misses. [12] Of Kongō's guns, the 5-inch guns had the widest variety of shell types: antiaircraft, antiship, and illumination shells. (RV Petrel). [8] During her second reconstruction, the older three-inch guns were removed and then replaced with eight 5-inch (13 cm) 5-inch/40 calibre dual-purpose guns. Hiei sank sometime in the evening with a loss of 188 of her crew.”, STERN OF US WW II DESTROYER DISCOVERED NEAR REMOTE ALASKAN ISLAND: SURVIVOR RECOUNTS HARROWING DAY. On 16 November, following a US air raid on Brunei, Kongō along with Yamato, Nagato and the rest of the First Fleet, departed from Brunei bound for Kure in preparation for a major reorganization of the fleet and battle repairs. Kongō participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944 (22–23 October), engaging and sinking American vessels in the latter. [35] While retreating, Kongō suffered damage from five near misses from attacking aircraft. The wreck of the Japanese battleship Hiei, sunk on November 14, 1942, was located in the Iron Bottom Sound by R/V Petrel during a late January expedition. In November 1939, Captain Raizo Tanaka assumed command of Kongō. She was requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Second World War and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. [8] This reconstruction was finished on 8 January 1937. See more ideas about imperial japanese navy, battleship, warship. She was one of only three British-built battleships sunk by submarine attack during World War II. [25] When Britain's "Force Z"—consisting of the battleship Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser Repulse—was quickly defeated by Japan's land-based aircraft from southern Vietnam, Kongō's battlegroup withdrew from Malayan waters. [30], During the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942, Kongō was attacked by four Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers, but she received no hits. Additional rangefinders and searchlights were fitted to her superstructure in January 1932, and Captain Nobutake Kondō assumed command of the vessel in December. [1][8] Their heavy armament of 14-inch naval guns and their armor protection (which took up about 23.3% of their approximately 30,000-ton displacements in 1913) were greatly superior to those of any other Japanese capital ship afloat at the time. Then Kongō returned to Sasebo Naval Base for upgrades to her searchlights. Her sisters and the other IJN BB wrecks have already been found, (Hiei, Fuso and Yamashiro by Petrel, Musashi by a … On 20 September, this task force was ordered to return to the Truk Naval Base in the Central Pacific north of the equator. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°09′N 121°23′E / 26.150°N 121.383°E / 26.150; 121.383, 1929–1935: Reconstruction into battleship, the invasion of Thailand and the Malayan Peninsula, List by death toll of ships sunk by submarines, "Japanese 14"/45 (35.6 cm) 41st Year Type", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1924, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1944, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_battleship_Kongō&oldid=983715304, Second Sino-Japanese War naval ships of Japan, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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