Both Pss. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. 121, 4), denotes those in reference to whom, or connection with whom, this moving onwards took place, so that consequently אדּדּם includes within itself, together with the subjective notion, the transitive notion of אדדּם, for the singer of the Psalm is a Levite; as an example in support of this אדּדּם, vid., 2 Chronicles 20:27., cf. B.C. It refers here to the intense desire of the hind, in the heat of day, for water; or, in Joel, to the desire of the cattle for water in a time of drought. With these psalms we have the beginning of Book II of the Psalter. The similitude which he takes froma hart is designed to express the extreme ardor of his desire. Ver. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Maschil = Instruction. singers in the house of God; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:33 9:19 26:1. While the psalmist pours out his soul to the Lord in complaint, at the end of the psalm you see a characteristic upswing of hope that usually, but not always, concludes this type of psalm. By the sons of Korah, in the time of the captivity of Babylon; whence some read the words of the title of this Psalm, Maschil of the sons of Korah. The form אדּדּם is Hithpa., as in Isaiah 38:15, after the form הדּמּה from the verb דּדה, "to pass lightly and swiftly along," derived by reduplication from the root דא (cf. It is an exquisite performance; in which David gives us in his own example a lively and natural image of a great and good man in affliction; and this is worked up with as much art and address as perhaps is to be found in any writing of the same kind. When it is as natural for us to long for God as for an animal to thirst, it is well with our souls, however painful our feelings. A. It is an evidence of a clear conscience, of an upright heart, and of a lively faith in God and in his providence and promise. He did not, it is true, cease in the meantime to direct his prayers towards heaven, and even to the sanctuary itself; but conscious of his own infirmity, he was specially grieved that the way by which the faithful obtained access to God was shut against him. The word here used denotes the cry of the hart, when in distress for water, and pants after it, and is peculiar to it; and the verb being of the feminine gender, hence the Septuagint render it the "hind"; and Kimchi conjectures that the reason of it may be, because the voice of the female may be stronger than that of the male; but the contrary is asserted by the philosopherF3Aristot. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 32 EXEGESIS: PSALM 32:1-2. The hunger of the soul.—In a great city where life is urgent and materialism an aggressive creed there is extraordinary risk that the spiritual nature may be overborne, yet even here, I think, it cannot be denied that the hunger of the human spirit makes its presence known. How strong, how striking the figure. Title. These are so timid, so gentle, so delicate in their structure, so much the natural objects of love and compassion, that our feelings are drawn toward them as to all other animals in similar circumstances. Painful reflections were awakened by the memory of past joys; he had mingled in the pious throng, their numbers had helped to give him exhilaration and to awaken holy delight, their company had been a charm to him as with them he ascended the hill of Zion. Like many psalms, the theme of Psalm 2 is emphasized in the final verse. המה (the future of which Ben-Asher here points ותּהמי, but Ben-Naphtali ותּהמּי), to utter a deep groan, to speak quietly and mumbling to one's self. Psalm 1 2 Commentary: Delight. David, therefore, being excluded from the sanctuary, is no less grieved than if he had been separated from God himself. And this thirst is increased, partly by its dwelling in desert and dry places, to which it retireth for fear of men and wild beasts; and partly by its long and violent running, when it is pursued by the hunters; and some add, by eating of serpents. If God be for us, who can be against us? BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". The psalm itself does not identify its author, but Acts 4:25-26 clearly attributes it to David. Book I which we have just concluded ascribes all 41 of them to David."[1]. The psalmist being deprived of God’s service, ardently desires to be in his house again, Psalm 42:1-4; rouseth up his soul unto a firm hope and confidence in God, Psalm 42:5-9. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". ערג to pant, with על, in so far as the desire hangs over its object, rests upon it, with אל, in so far as it is directed upon that. Psalms 43:1-5 David Prayed For Vindication From His Enemies. Either through a natural thirst that creature is said to have; or through the heat of the summer season; and especially when hunted by dogs, it betakes itself to rivers of water, partly to make its escape, and partly to extinguish its thirst, and refresh itself. The sense in which some explain this is, that the waters are eagerly sought by the harts, that they may recover from fatigue; but this, perhaps, is too limited. None but spiritual men can sympathise with this thirst. BOOK TWO Psalms 42–72 -Yearning for God in the Midst of Distresses - To the Chief Musician. Dr. Thomson (Land and the Book, vol. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". There is an idea of tenderness in the reference to the word "hart" here - female deer, gazelle - which would not strike us if the reference had been to any other animal. Commentary for Psalms 42 . brooks = channels: water in gorges or pipes, difficult of approach. Psalms 41:1-9 A Prayer For Protection. Psalms 42:1-11; Psalms 43:1-5 form one pair, and therefore have but one title, as Psalms 1:1-6; Psalms 2:1-12. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". Nor is there any one Psalm where the author is named. But we may at least see from them what the saints of God have experienced in times of temptation and trial in days of old; and we may in some measure compare the feelings of our soul with theirs—sometimes to fill us with shame and confusion at our short-comings, sometimes to stimulate and encourage us so far as we experience a degree of similar teachings; for these things are written for our instruction, "upon whom the ends of the world are come.". David's zeal to serve God in the temple: he encourageth his soul to trust in God. (e) Sept. & Symmachus apud Drusium. Under the Old Testament, it was of great importance that one possessed access to the place where God had promised, as God of Israel, to be present. 1. the psalmist feels cut off from YHWH. To the chief musician, an instruction of the sons of torah. Nothing could more beautifully or appropriately describe the earnest longing of a soul after God, in the circumstances of the psalmist, than this image. The Psalmist chose the hind that תערג might correspond to תערג, but chiefly because the hind rather than the hart is suitable, as compared with the feminine soul, which is like it in its weakness. The longing of the Psalmist is described as going upon God himself, not upon the place of his worship. Now, as the hunted and heated hind glocitat, breatheth and brayeth after the water brooks. The writer, perhaps one of this Levitical family of singers accompanying David in exile, mourns his absence from the sanctuary, a cause of grief aggravated by the taunts of enemies, and is comforted in hopes of relief. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". » As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. "My soul thirsteth for God, the living God" (Psalms 42:2). Another reason for placing these psalms in the times of David was cited by Dummelow, who pointed out that, "The Psalms belong to a time when the Temple worship was in full activity. Remember this when you discuss religion or read the books made upon it. As the deer pants for the … he inclined to me and v heard my cry.. 2 He drew me up from w the pit of destruction,. As after a long drought the poor fainting hind longs for the streams, or rather as the hunted hart instinctively seeks after the river to lave its smoking flanks and to escape the dogs, even so my weary, persecuted soul pants after the Lord my God. Elohim. This was at first applied to the case of one who was cut off from the privileges of public worship, and who was driven into exile far from the place where he had been accustomed to unite with others in that service Psalm 42:4; but it will also express the deep and earnest feelings of the heart of piety at all times, and in all circumstances, in regard to God. BibliographyCalvin, John. The hart feels himself almost entirely spent; he is nearly hunted down; the dogs are in full pursuit; he is parched with thirst; and in a burning heat pants after the water, and when he comes to the river, plunges in as his last refuge. "As the hart panteth after the water brooks" (Psalms 42:1). "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Go to. When shall I be so happy as to have access again to his tabernacle, where he manifests his presence, and from whence I am now driven by those who seek my life? "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. Also, Psalms 42:6 is often understood to give the `residence' of the psalmist in Trans-Jordan near Mount Hermon. Probably he falls in with the literature of materialism—often interesting and able, sometimes even brilliant—which is offered on the bookstalls by the missionaries of unbelief for a few pence; he buys and reads and reads again. 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