First off, we have Virginia-native General Winfield Scott, senior officer in the U.S. Army at the outset of the Civil War. Sam Houston warned Texans that what they were going to experience was not what they had initially bargained for. When antislavery candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected president (1860), the … How the South Won the Civil War. Specifically, it was to answer if states have the right to decide if another person can own “property”? Top Answer. The Civil War. But, they were deaths that the North could replace throughout the war, and the South increasingly, as the war went on, could not. Tan N. Lv 4. If the North did not … Lincoln was elected without carrying a single southern state. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored. 1 Answer. Harry S. Stout, Upon the Altar of the Nation: A Moral History of the Civil War. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, refers to the United States of America, specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states and 5 border states that supported it. 2009-03-11 06:01:40 2009-03-11 06:01:40. 19 20 21. Answer. Document J – The Reaction to John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. For the United States, that moment came in 1861. Help please!? How did many in the South react to the novel? In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. The Civil War had fewer devastating effects on the North than the South simply because most of the combat of the Civil War occurred on Southern soil. We all know that the Civil War finally did, but it is apparent some still think that it was an illegal war of Northern Aggression (oxymoronic in my humble opinion). Even so, 75% of federal revenue was raised in the south and 75% of federal spending occurred in the north. What did Abraham Lincoln believe was at stake in the Civil War? The two sides involved in the American Civil War were the Union, which represented the North, and the Confederacy, which represented the South. The main advantage was where the war was principally fought. So severe was the salt famine, writes Andrew F. Smith in Starving the South, How the North Won the Civil War, that "Southern newspapers, journals, … Steven E. Woodworth, While God Is Marching On: The Religious World of Civil War Soldiers. The Union was dedicated to the defeat and termination of the Confederate States of America, informally called "the Confederacy" or "the South". He thought the Union was supposed to remain as it was, united under a federal government. North thought if they just beat the Rebs in one singular battle that that would be the deciding factor. More than 150 years later this remains a controversial question. In the government, the south was disenfranchised and had no voice, as the election of 1860 so clearly proved. South thought that the North had no taste for war and the South, by and large, was pretty quiet staying "home" as it were. The South would have settled with a "peace" intervention by Britain, however, that did not materialize either. Southern cotton production in 1870 was half what it was in 1860. The Civil War erupted from a variety of long-standing tensions and disagreements about American life and politics. Relevance. “Bud” Robertson. In the worst battles, tens of thousands of soldiers would be killed on each side. Well, many confederates did not own slaves so it was not the most important thing to be able to keep their slaves. Most nations have some point in their history when it all just fell apart. While countless Union soldiers and northern civilians depended on theological narratives to sustain them, a providential view of history particularly influenced how Southerners reacted to and interpreted the events of the war. Favorite Answer. Little_Norty83. How might the Fugitive Slave Law, Harriet Tubman, and Uncle Tom’s Cabin have been a cause of the Civil War? As we will see, it was far more complex, with the Southern states being far from united in their cause. Because many people don't want to believe that the citizens of the southern states were willing to fight and die to preserve a morally repugnant institution. Those that supported a vigorous and strong national government (note, I mean in that time frame, not today's), fully believed that secession was the bane to civil good governmnet. During the storm of “war fever” that was sweeping through the United States, and especially in the South, Sam Houston was trying to be the voice of reason and neutrality. While the North had far more resources and population, in order to unite the country, President Abraham Lincoln had to take the offensive to defeat the Southern rebellion. The South had a better trained army at the beginning of the war which is indisputable given the results of the first major battle of the war. For some great resources on this question, consult “Soldiers Blue and Grey” by James I. Why did both the north and south expect a short war during the civil war? Wiki User Answered . Their belief was that they just had to hold on to what they had, hence their largely defensive strategy. Relevance. Sean A. Scott, A Visitation of God: Northern Civilians Interpret the Civil War. But most Northerners and Southerners struggled throughout the Civil War to discern the purposes and intentions of their God. Then their dreams were dismantled. Moreover the South had … The Southern Democrats had a variety of political and ideological motivations for seceding and participating in the Civil War. Before the war, the South’s economy had been based almost strictly on agriculture, mainly cotton, tobacco, and sugar, and all these industries suffered, especially cotton. But forgot that our founding fathers wanted a fluid government which would allow the sovereign states of the US to rule themselves. The second number was material. 3 Answers. 1 decade ago. You probably think the American Civil War ended in 1865, but it only sort of did. Was the American Civil War fought because of slavery? Civil war battles were horrendously costly in terms of lives lost. What was John Brown trying to organize and how was he planning on doing it? The south actually had alot of advantages going into the war. The Civil War Differences Between the North and South Geography of the North • Climate –frozen winters; hot/humid summers • Natural features: −coastline: bays and harbors –fishermen, shipbuilding (i.e. The South also had a more talented officers corps in the most important theatre of the war, the East. The main advantages that the South held during the civil war were the vast ranks of experienced generals and soldiers, along with the benefit of being able to maintain defensive positions. The South During the Civil War Military Map, Southern U.S., 1862 Civil War Maps. Favorite Answer. The education system in the South had virtually disappeared, along with the old plantation system. To win the war, the South had only to survive. By Adam Gopni k. … He did not even appear on the ballot in several of them. In this widely heralded book first published in 1986, four historians consider the popularly held explanations for southern defeat--state-rights disputes, inadequate military supply and strategy, and the Union blockade--undergirding their discussion with a chronological account of the war's progress. The first number was manpower. New York, New York: Viking, 2006. Even before the Civil War, the slave South and the free North weren’t so unconnected. Question: What Reason Did the Confederacy have in believing they would have a quick victory in the Civil War. 1 decade ago . Asked by Wiki User. Which also proved a disadvantage. Today, more than 150 years after the North and South stopped fighting each other, we're still bickering about the details. It’s a sort of summary of the life of the soldiers based on their correspondence. American Civil War, four-year war (1861–65) fought between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded to form the Confederate States of America. The North and its troops originally fought because they felt the South had no legal right to secede from the Union and was close to treason. In the South. Despite a marked numerical inferiority, the south believed (correctly, at least … There were numerous reason behind why each side's soldiers fought for one side or the other. Answer Save. Broadly, the war was about states’ rights. It arose out of disputes over slavery and states’ rights. Why did the South Believe it could win the war despite numerical disadvantages?!? The Civil War is believed by most to be caused because of the issue of slavery. Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil. Militarily, the south did not need to win the war by invading and defeating the north. Get an answer for 'What did the Union and Confederate soldiers believe they were fighting for in the Civil War?' The Civil War was an ideological conflict, developed over decades of painstaking political and intellectual fights that she largely skims past. Why? and find homework help for other Secession and Civil War questions at eNotes The war is often portrayed as a North versus South narrative. What was the result of Brown’s actions? A recent run of important historical studies have set themselves against the view of the antebellum South … During Reconstruction, true citizenship finally seemed in reach for black Americans. The south only need to fight a DEFENSIVE war, while the North had to conquer the entire South and drag back into the Union. ;] Answer Save. Even so, it is difficult to imagine a civil war that does not affect all portions of the society in which it takes place, and the Civil War affected the North and its civilians in many ways. People think the Civil War was about slavery because the Civil War was about slavery. 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